After our engineers create the basic fiber line design, field stakes go to each pole to determine what modifications are required to support the fiber and meet clearance requirements of the National Electric Safety Code (NESC). Line crews will install taller poles, move transformers from one side of the pole to the other, move wires on the pole, and add new guy wires and anchors to the poles all to prepare for future ﬁber installation. In addition to creating the design, the next steps include obtaining VDOT and/or Railroad permits, staking, coordinating with Miss Utility, finalizing ROW easements, and procuring material … all of these must be done before fiber construction can begin. This work has the widest variance in time of all construction phases. The make-ready construction phase can take 5 months or more to complete.